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Compensation for Road Accident Victims in India

road accidents
Samyak Lalit
Samyak Lalit | June 27, 2018 (Last update: June 27, 2018)

Samyak Lalit is an author and disability rights activist. He is a polio survivor and the founder of projects like Kavita Kosh, Gadya Kosh, TechWelkin, WeCapable, Dashamlav and Viklangta Dot Com. Website:

After a gap of 24 years, the Government of India has revised the compensation given to the victims of road accidents. This compensation is paid to the victims of road accidents or to the kin in case of the death of victim.

From now on, in case of death, the kin of victim will get Rs. 5,00,000. In case of permanent disability, the compensation would range between Rs. 50,000 and Rs. 5,00,000 depending on the nature and extent of disability.

Earlier, the government was providing Rs. 50,000 in case of death and Rs. 25,000 in case of permanent disability. To get this compensation the victim did not have to prove driver’s fault. But people hardly accepted this small compensation. People believed that they deserved higher compensation. So, most of the road accident compensation cases were contested in the Motor Accident Claims Tribunal (MACT). While fighting the case in the Tribunal, the victim would have to prove the fault of driver. If fault is proved, MACT may grant a higher compensation.

road accidents

When the government analyzed the compensations granted by MACT, it realized that the average compensation granted was between Rs. 3,00,000 and Rs. 5,00,000. This is the reason the government decided to revise the compensation for road accident victims. The idea is to reduce the number of litigation in the MACT.

However, despite increasing the compensation ten times, the government is still giving the victims or their kin the option of going to MACT and seek even higher amount in damages.

Compensation Chart for Accident Victims in India
Accident CaseCompensation
before revision (Rs.)
after revision (Rs.)
Permanent disability25,00050,000 to 5,00,000

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2 responses to “Compensation for Road Accident Victims in India”

  1. Avatar Ashok says:

    My uncle has passed away last week after road accident. Now can you guide me how to approach MACT for compensation.

    He was hospitalized due to accident for more than 10 days and finally succumbed to injuries.

    Can you please guide so that Spouse can have something to live

  2. Avatar red says:

    Implanted rod in the leg for a broken bone is considered permanent damage? if it does what might be the compensation??

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