We recently created and published an infographic on disability statistics in India. This infographic is based on the Census of India 2011 data. Today we are presenting the data on disabled population in India. This data is based on a report by the Social Statistics Division of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India.
Disabled Population in India
Overall Disabled Population
Overall, 2.21% of Indian population has one or the other kind of disability. This means 2.68 crore (26.8 million) people in India are disabled.
Disabled Male Population
Out of total 62.32 crore male Indian citizens, there are 1.5 crore (15 million) disabled males in India.
Disabled Female Population
Out of total 58.76 crore female Indian citizens, there are 1.18 crore (11.8 million) disabled females in India.
Disabled Population living in Rural / Urban Areas
About 69% of the overall disabled Indian population lives rural areas. This tells us that 1.86 crore (18.6 million) disabled people live in rural areas.
Only about 0.81 crore (8.1 million) disabled people live in urban areas.
Disabled Population by Type of Disability
Following is the breakup of disabled Indian population by the type of disability. Please note that before RPWD Act 2016, only seven types of disabilities were recognized. Under RPWD Act 2016 a total of 21 types of disabilities are recognized.
- 19% people have vision related disabilities
- Another 19% people have hearing related disabilities
- 7% people have speech impairment
- 20% people have locomotor disabilities
- 6% people are affected by mental retardation
- 3% people are suffering with mental illness
- 18% people have other types of disabilities
- 8% people have multiple disabilities
In all the above cases, males are more affected than females.
Disabled Population in India by Age Group
- 5% of all disabled people are in the age group of 0-4 years
- 7% disabled people are in the age group of 5-9 years
- 17% disabled people are in the age group of 10-19 years
- 16% disabled people are in the age group of 20-29 years
- 13% disabled people are in the age group of 30-39 years
- 12% disabled people are in the age group of 40-49 years
- 9% disabled people are in the age group of 50-59 years
- 10% disabled people are in the age group of 60-69 years
- 7% disabled people are in the age group of 70-79 years
- 3% disabled people are in the age group of 80-89 years
- 1% disabled people are in the age group of 90+ years (or age not specified)
The percentage of disabled is highest in the age group 10-19 years followed by age group 20-29 years for both the male and female disabled persons.
Among the disabled males, 18% are elderly (above 60 years of age) whereas 23% of female disabled are elderly.
Education in Indian Disabled Population
In 2011, only 61% of the disabled children aged 5-19 years were attending educational institution. 12% had attended earlier and 27% never attended an educational institution.
In the age group of 5-19 years, only 43% of girls were attending school/college.
Data shows that disabled children of 5-19 years age group, more children in rural areas never attended school or left education in midway.
The following chart shows percentages of male and females who never attended educational institution by the type of disability:
As the chart shows, 54% people with multiple disabilities never attended an educational institution. Also we can see that vision-impairment and multiple disabilities almost equally affect education of females.
Literacy of Disabled Population in India
Of the total disabled population, nearly 55% or 1.46 crores (14.6 million) people are are literates.
62% of males and only 45% of females are literate.
In the rural areas, 49% of the disabled are literates while in urban areas, the percentage of literates among disabled population is 67%.
Educational Status of Indian Disabled Population
Among the male disabled persons, 38% are illiterates. 16% of the disabled male population has matric/ secondary education but are not graduates and 6% are graduates and above. About 9% among the male disabled literates are graduates.
Among the female disabled persons, 55% are illiterates. 9% of the disabled female population has matric/ secondary education but are not graduates and 3% are graduates and above. About 7.7% among the female disabled literates, are graduates.
Marriage and Disabled People in India
46.87% of the total disabled persons are currently married, whereas 41.72% are never married and 10.29% of them are widowed.
Among the total disabled persons in the age group 15+ years, 59% are currently married and 13% are widowed. Among the male disabled, 62% are currently married and 6% are widowed while for female disabled, the corresponding figures are 54% and 13% respectively.
View the full report: Disabled Persons in India: A statistical profile – 2016
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