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GST on Disability Equipment

GST tax rates on Disability Equipment
Alokita | July 3, 2017 (Last update: July 14, 2022)

Alokita is a Polio Survivor. She overcame her disability and went on to become a commerce graduate. Alokita writes about disability issues and her appetite for learning new things is far from satiated.

Finally GST becomes reality! This indeed is a great change in India’s tax structure. Such a big change can not come silently in a vast country like India. And the government of India too left no stone unturned in creating the hype. It was all planned to give GST a bang on dramatic entry and so it was rolled out at the struck of 12 at midnight… the same time we got Independence.

GST took a Bollywood style entry despite all protests and restrains. Whatever the result be, GST has already created a lot of commotion during last two months. Different financial analysts have differing stand on the pros and cons of GST. Different communities of traders, politicians and consumers have differing demand and expectations out of GST. All these communities tried to be vocal about their demands in their own unique ways. One such voice came from the persons with disabilities.

GST tax rates on Disability Equipment

Different organizations working for PwDs, the disability advocates, activists from the disabled community — they all demanded a complete roll back of GST for the community. It was being demanded on the ground that charging tax on equipment like hearing aid, wheelchairs etc. is equivalent to taxing an individual on hearing and walking. It was logically said that tax on Braille typewriters, books etc. is contradictory to the ‘education for all’ motto of the country.

These demands reached the government of India and they didn’t completely ignore them. GST rates on the equipment used to compensate one or the other kinds of disabilities were revised in the subsequent meetings of the GST Council. The tax rates were decreased but not completely taken off on most of the items. The revision of tax rates didn’t satisfy the activists as they were asking for complete waiver rather than lower rates. They kept on demanding and the GST got implemented in its final form. Now there are lots of confusions among general public regarding the GST tax rates on the disability equipment.

In this article we are sharing the GST rates on the disability equipment that got rolled out on 1st July 2017. Disability rights activists are still trying to get GST waiver but unless the government accepts and announces the waiver these rates would be prevalent in the consumer market.

It is notable that tax rate on disability equipment has been revised even after rolling out of GST on 1st July 2017. A press release by Ministry of Finance India, dated 4th July 2017, states that most of the specific devices used by physically challenged persons have been fixed at 5% GST. However there is no mention about the 12% and 18% slab rates that were applicable on some items according to the GST rates that were introduced on 1st July.

Disability Equipment with Nil GST Rate

According to the final GST rates, Braille Books will be taxed at 0% i.e. they are exempted from any tax. This has been welcomed with enthusiasm as this ensures equal right to education for the visually challenged students. However there still exists a debate on the matter as Braille papers are still under the 5% tax slab. Charging tax on Braille papers would automatically make the books costlier.

Disability Equipment with 5% GST Rate

Assistive devices and rehabilitation aids for physically challenged persons, listed below, have been kept at the concessional 5% GST rate:

  1. Braille writers and braille writing instruments;
  2. Handwriting equipment like Braille Frames, Slates, Writing Guides, Script Writing Guides, Styli, Braille Erasers
  3. Canes, Electronic aids like the Sonic Guide;
  4. Optical, Environmental Sensors;
  5.  Arithmetic aids like the Taylor Frame (arithmetic and algebra types), Cubarythm, Speaking or Braille calculator;
  6. Geometrical aids like Combined Graph and Mathematical Demonstration Board, Braille Protractors, Scales, Compasses and Spar Wheels;
  7. Electronic measuring equipment such as Calipers, Micrometers, Comparators, Gauges, Gauge Block Levels, Rules, Rulers and Yardsticks
  8. Drafting, Drawing Aids, Tactile Displays;
  9. Specially adapted Clocks and Watches;
  10. Orthopaedic appliances falling under heading No.90.21 of the First Schedule;
  11. Wheel Chairs falling under heading No.87.13 of the First Schedule;
  12. Artificial electronic larynx and spares thereof;
  13. Artificial electronic ear (Cochlear implant);
  14. Talking books (in the form of cassettes, discs or other sound reproductions) and large-print books, braille embossers, talking calculators, talking thermometers;
  15. Equipment for the mechanical or the computerized production of braille and recorded material such as braille computer terminals and displays, electronic braille, transfer and pressing machines and stereo typing machines;
  16. Braille Paper;
  17. All tangible appliances including articles, instruments, apparatus, specially designed for use by the blind;
  18. Aids for improving mobility of the blind such as electronic orientation and obstacle detecting appliance and white canes;
  19. Technical aids for education, rehabilitation, vocational training and employment of the blind such as Braille typewriters, braille watches, teaching and learning aids, games and other instruments and vocational aids specifically adapted for use of the blind;
  20. Assistive listening devices, audiometers;
  21. External catheters, special jelly cushions to prevent bed sores, stair lift, urine collection bags;
  22. Instruments and implants for severely physically handicapped patients and joints replacement and spinal instruments and implants including bone cement.

We hope that this article was useful in clearing some of your doubts about the GST rates on disability equipment.

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One response to “GST on Disability Equipment”

  1. Avatar Marian Ramirez says:

    Useful Article!

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