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PwBD Category / Candidate: Meaning, Full Form and Explanation

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Samyak Lalit
Samyak Lalit | April 9, 2019 (Last update: October 22, 2021)

Samyak Lalit is an author and disability rights activist. He is a polio survivor and the founder of projects like Kavita Kosh, Gadya Kosh, TechWelkin, WeCapable, Dashamlav and Viklangta Dot Com. Website:

Many people nowadays feel confused about what PwBD Category means! This term ‘PwBD’ appears in a number of government documents including job advertisements, exam notifications and results etc. We often get to see terms like PwBD category, PwBD candidate and PwBD status. We all know that PwD means Person with Disability.

The full form of PwBD is Person with Benchmark Disability.

Now, what is this ‘Benchmark’ thing anyway? Well, a person with disability would be considered to have benchmark disability if she has at least 40% disability as per the certificate issued by a government authority. For more information on benchmark disability, click here. (This article also has a Hindi language video to explain the PwBD Category in Hindi)

By writing PwBD, the government tries to eliminate confusion among disabled candidates. The term PwD is all encompassing and thus every disabled person would become a candidate. But PwBD automatically exclude those who have less than 40% disability.

Please note that to be considered as benchmark the disability must also be included in the list of disabilities in RPWD Act 2016.

If you have any questions, please feel free to ask in the comments section given below.

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23 responses to “PwBD Category / Candidate: Meaning, Full Form and Explanation”

  1. Avatar Ganesh says:

    I can only see with my left eye.
    Right is fully dark and not at all visible.
    And in my medical certificate it is mentioned as 30% disability .
    Do I come under pwbd.

  2. Avatar Rajat says:

    I am suffering from Parkinson’s stage 2. Will I be eligible?

  3. Avatar Akash Singh says:

    I lost my left thumb & index finger in an accident, in medical certificate the disability is 45%
    Can I apply for upsc civil services exam ?

  4. Avatar Fazal bani says:

    I am having 70% hearing loss in right ear and 40% in left ear. Am i eligible for pwbd certificate?

  5. Avatar Pradeemna Sahoo says:

    I have a Eye Defect in left eye and I have a PWD card of 40% can I fill form in pwBd?

  6. Avatar Kukku says:

    Can a scoliosis affected person be eligible for pwbd category?

  7. Avatar Priya says:

    I have a certificate of 40% disability
    But i am operating it soon. Will i come under the pwbd category after the Operation and will i get any reservation?

  8. Avatar Trisha says:

    I use -6D myopic glasses. Does it considered as disability?

  9. Avatar Kalpesh says:


    I am disabled person having disability 60% and certificate states body disable but as per advertisement OA is written whether I can apply

  10. Avatar kalki says:

    how is the percentage determined for autism and adhd

  11. Avatar Sujata Kemprai says:

    My sister has 60% hearing loss in right ear and 50% in left ear. Is she eligible for pwbd certificate?

  12. Avatar Saji says:

    I’m a breast cancer survivor, bilateral. Am I eligible for any type of disability certificate?

  13. Avatar Arup Barik says:

    I have 80% hearing loss in both ears & doctor have issued disability certificate with validity of 10 yrs. Shall I be adjudged PWbD?

  14. Avatar Alisha says:

    Does major thalassemia patient comes under locomotor disability?

  15. Avatar Aishwarya says:

    I cannot hear from one ear, and can hear from one. So, I am technically half deaf. Am I eligible for Pwbd OR Pwd category for exam?

  16. Avatar Pankaj Bajpai says:

    Sir, I am OL handicapped. Sir please clear a doubt. In a government recruitment a vacancy reserved for specifically OA-OL under category C — can I can apply or not?

    Since I already mailed to recruiting agency but no response from their side.

  17. Avatar Shivani says:

    Hello sir , I don’t have half right hand , only 2 fingers in left hand…moreover I don’t have both feet thumb. Am I eligible

    My disability certificate has 80% above disability. Please reply !!

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