Government of India uses the term benchmark disability quite often in the official communications regarding persons with disabilities. For example, in the Rights of Persons with disabilities Act 2016 (RPWD Act 2016), this term is used at many places. Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) also uses it often in their job vacancy ads where certain seats are reserved for the disabled people. Then you also find mention of this term in context of examinations like UPSC, Bank Services, NET Exam etc.
But most people do not understand what exactly is this benchmark disability. Well, here is the answer!
This leaves out a lot of people who have a disability condition but the percentage is not 40% or above. We know that the disability percentage is not an absolute figure. Different hospitals, medical boards and doctors will give different percentages to the same person! So, it quite a bit depends on the personal judgement of the certifying authority.
And then there is corruption. I have known cases where people say that doctors ask for money to give certificate with higher percentage of disability.
There is, of course, the other side of the coin too. Some people tend to play tricks and get disability certificate even for a minuscule problem. They just want to grab the rights and facilities provided to the disabled people by the government.
Nevertheless, this benchmarking of disability at 40% has both pros and cons to it. I hope that this information was useful for you. Please feel free to ask any questions on this subject, if you have any. Thank you for connecting with WeCapable!