A disability certificate (also known as PwD certificate or PH certificate or handicap certificate) is a document that certifies the type and extent of holder’s disability. In India, this certificate is usually issued by medical boards constituted in certain government hospitals. Disability certificate is an important document for persons with disabilities because it entitles the holder to get benefits / facilities and rights of persons with disabilities. Government of India and state governments provide a host of facilities to disabled people but all these facilities are available only to those who hold a valid disability certificate.
Contents of the Disability Certificate
A disability typically certificate mentions and certifies the following:
- Type of disability: Recently enacted Rights of Persons with Disability Act 2016 has increased the number of types of disabilities from 7 to 21. Now persons affected by any of the following conditions can apply for the disability certificate:
- Leprosy Cured persons
- Hearing Impairment (deaf and hard of hearing)
- Locomotor Disability
- Intellectual Disability
- Mental Illness
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Cerebral Palsy
- Muscular Dystrophy
- Chronic Neurological conditions
- Specific Learning Disabilities
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Speech and Language disability
- Sickle Cell disease
- Multiple Disabilities including deaf-blindness
- Acid Attack victim
- Parkinson’s disease
- Extent of disability: Certificate mentions the extent of disability usually in percentage. This figure is very important because various benefits from government are associated with the degree of disability. People with lesser percentage of disability will get lesser benefits.
- Permanence of disability: It is also mentioned if the disability is permanent or temporary in nature.
- Validity period: Medical board mentions the period which the certificate is valid for. If disability is deemed to be temporary, the person will be examined again after this validity period and a new disability certificate will be issued, if required. If the disability is deemed to be permanent, a certificate with life-long validity may be issued.
Criteria for Getting Disability Certificate
Any person suffering with disabilities listed above is eligible to apply for a disability certificate. However, when the medical board does disability evaluation — the certificate is issued only to those who fulfill any of the following criteria:
- Person must have minimum 35% mental handicap or disability
- Person must have an orthopedic disability of minimum 40%
- In case of deaf people the disability percentage must be between 90 db & 100 db
- Visual impairment has to be more than 90%
MUST KNOW: Disability Certificates will soon be replaced by Unique Disability ID Cards in India.
Benefits of the Disability Certificate
With disability certificate, the government has attached a number of benefits and facilities. These benefits vary from state to state and also according to the type and extent of disability. Following are some of the general facilities that a disability certificate holder can avail. If you want to get any of these benefits, we advise you to get more specific information:
- Scholarship schemes for students with disabilities
- Concession in railway fare
- Rebate in income tax
- Reservation in government jobs
- Free travel in state transport buses
- Loan for starting own business
- Subsidized prosthetic aids and assistive devices (like wheelchairs)
- Group insurance for government employees with disabilities
- Unemployment allowance to educated disabled persons
- Incentive for eye donors
We request you to share more information on this topic. We will incorporate information given by you. Thank you!