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Disability Certificate in India: Temporary vs. Permanent

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Samyak Lalit
Samyak Lalit | June 12, 2021 (Last update: July 14, 2022)

Samyak Lalit is an author and disability rights activist. He is a polio survivor and the founder of projects like Kavita Kosh, Gadya Kosh, TechWelkin, WeCapable, Dashamlav and Viklangta Dot Com. Website:

A certificate of disability is a legal document that certifies the nature, type and extent of disability. It is not mandatory but an important document for persons with disabilities as it is required for availing any benefits or facilities meant for persons with disabilities. One of the most common questions that we come across about disability certificates is – what are the differences between a temporary and a permanent disability certificate?

In this article, we will deal with the differences between temporary and permanent disability certificates in India. For any other queries regarding disability certification in India you can go through our previous article – Disability Certificate: All You Need to Know.

Period of Validity

The most basic thing that differentiates a temporary disability certificate from a permanent one is its period of validity.

A permanent disability certificate is provided when the disability is deemed to be permanent. Disabilities caused due to amputation of limbs or any other condition where there is no chance of recovery or possible variation in the degree of disability over a period of time are considered permanent. The certificate provided to a person with a permanent disability holds a lifelong validity if the person is over 18 years of age. The certificate issued in such circumstances needs not to be updated.

disability word cloud

On the other hand, a temporary disability certificate is issued to a person whose disability is deemed to be temporary i.e. the degree of disability may change or the person may even recover completely. This includes disabling conditions resulting from an injury, surgery or short-term medical condition. The medical board issuing the certificate has the right to mention the period of validity of the certificate after which the condition needs to be reassessed. However, as a convention, a temporary disability certificate is valid for 5 years after which it needs to be updated.

A disability certificate issued to children below 18 years of age too needs to be updated every five years even if the nature of disability is permanent. However, there’s no necessity for fresh medical examination if the disability is permanent.

Disability Benefits

One of the important disability benefits in India is the 4% reservation in government jobs. The quota is reserved for persons with benchmark disability i.e. a disability over 40%. A person holding a temporary disability certificate is not eligible for getting a job under this quota.

So, this creates another difference between a temporary disability certificate and a permanent disability certificate. Not all benefits meant for persons with disabilities are granted to a person holding a temporary disability certificate. It is mainly because the disability percentage for persons with temporary disability is not stable. Once it goes below 40%, the person will not fit in the definition of benchmark disability hence making them ineligible for the benefit.

A person holding a temporary disability certificate is eligible for a number of other disability benefits such as railway and airfare concessions, subsidized assistive devices and rebate in income tax.

If a person holding a temporary disability certificate claims a deduction under Section 80U, the validity of the disability certificate starts with the assessment year relevant to the financial year during which the certificate was issued and ends with the assessment year relevant to the expiry of the temporary disability certificate.

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29 responses to “Disability Certificate in India: Temporary vs. Permanent”

  1. Avatar Shakunt Ahlawat says:

    Can a person with 40% disability (likely to improve) get double transportation allowance for the period of those five years for which the certificate is issued?

    • Avatar Kuldip Sharma says:

      I am suffering from Parkinson’s disease since September 2017 This is not curable disease.I have temporary disability certificate with 55% disability issued by safdarjung hospital new Delhi for 5 years validity. I am govt employee. Am I eligible for double TA.? Please clarify me.Thanks

  2. Avatar Amit jaiseal says:

    Yes sir you are eligible for double TA.
    There are some employee in Oef Kanpur under the Ministry of Defense who are getting this facility under temporary disablement.

  3. Avatar priya singh says:

    Sir, I have a temporary hearing ph certificate. If I am selected in the state government exams and after some years reexamination occurs and my percentage of hearing loss is reduced; will there be any problem in future? please guide me sir…

    • Lalit Kumar Lalit Kumar says:

      Reservation is not available on temporary certificate. Therefore, there would not be any issue if your disability percentage get reduced.

  4. Avatar Sakshi says:

    I know a person who got bank PO job with fake temporary disabled certificate. How can I file complaint against him?

  5. Avatar Kuldeep Nain says:

    Sir, my right hand is amputated. I have a temporary certificate of 60% (Disability: Orthopedic). Is this certificate valid for reservation in government jobs?

    • Lalit Kumar Lalit Kumar says:

      Amputation certificate should not be temporary. You should get your certificate renewed and get a permanent disability certificate. Reservation is not available on temporary certificates.

  6. Avatar Prakash says:

    I have 40% temporary locomotor disability. I want to know whether I am eligible for home town posting in PSU.

  7. Avatar Anand Kumar says:

    I have temporary disability certificate and mine is severe bilateral sensori neural hearing loss with no scope for improvement but can worsen with time. So the doctor issued temporary disability as the hearing loss may vary in future. How can I claim reservation for jobs ?

  8. Avatar Dr Mudit says:

    After how many years post orthopaedic surgery a permanent disability certificate can be issued ?

    • Lalit Kumar Lalit Kumar says:

      There is no such time constraint. If the person has become permanently disabled in the view of the Medical Board, the certificate can be issued anytime.

  9. Avatar Zakir says:

    I have mental disability from 2007 but I have received a temporary certificate. Is it valid for IBPS recruitment?

  10. Avatar Sagar says:

    Sir my mother has been issued udid card with 50% temporary disability on account of mental illness. This certificate is issued this month so can I claim income tax benefit under section 80DD for the last financial year or it can be claimed only from this financial year ?

  11. Avatar Rajesh Autkar says:

    My son has given certificate of 70% disability on Temporary but its validity is only 01 year instead of 05 years , in which circumstances it given for so low term ?

  12. Avatar zakir says:


  13. Avatar Chethan says:

    I am suffering from GBS and I have permanent disable certificate with 65% … whether I am eligible for govt job

  14. Avatar Rajendra Bhimrao Landge says:

    Sir,my son was suffering from the disease ‘congenital dislocation of hip bone’ and operated for that on d age of 10 years.He got handicap certificate of 47 percent disability.The certificate says,No need of reassessment of disability.’. Then whether he needs checking of his disability certificate again after 18 years of age.

    • Samyak Lalit Samyak Lalit says:

      No, he would not need to be reassessed at 18 years, unless, of course, there is any change in rules in future.

  15. Avatar Kundan sharma says:

    Sir I am suffering from hearing loss and my percentage in UDID card is 57 and temporary. Am I eligible to get reservation quota in the govt jobs?

  16. Avatar Channabasavanna says:

    Sir I am suffering from bipolar disorder since last 10 years. Now I got 5 years temporary UDID card. Am I eligible for reservation in the govt. jobs?

  17. Avatar Inzamam says:

    Sir I have congenital knee dislocation problem. It is not cured after one time surgery during my childhood. This may occur if I run jump or any bad step. Doctor issued me a temporary disability certificate of 40%. Please tell me, which disability category do I fall in?

  18. Avatar Monalla sunny says:

    Sir I have motor neurone disease. I am suffering since last 7 years. Doctor issued me a temporary certificate 5 years ago with 79% disability. will there be any problem in future?

  19. Avatar P says:

    Can a multiple sclerosis (which has no cure) patient having 5 year temporary udid card get benefit of reservation

  20. Avatar Prakul singh says:

    My friends daughter is 17 year old and going to face CUET Delhi University entrance exam with 45% hearing loss certificate made temporarily for one year by MSJE/Medical board, shall she be eligible for PWD quota in admission in Delhi for under graduate course

    Prakul singh

  21. Avatar pk says:

    I am suffering from multiple sclerosis which is incurable. Can I get reservation with my temporary disability certificate?

  22. Avatar Dr. Ratan says:

    Sir i suffered from lung cancer and my right lungs is removed. Can I apply for a permanent disability certificate?

  23. Avatar Reyaz Ahmad Sheikh says:

    Sir,I have temporary mental illness and got selected under general category but the post for which I got selected is not suitable for persons with mental illness.
    What to do now?

  24. Avatar Reyaz Ahmad Sheikh says:

    As it does not come under posts identified for persons with mental illness

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