Disability Certificate in India: Temporary vs. Permanent

A certificate of disability is a legal document that certifies the nature, type and extent of disability. It is not mandatory but an important document for persons with disabilities as it is required for availing any benefits or facilities meant for persons with disabilities. One of the most common questions that we come across about disability certificates is – what are the differences between a temporary and a permanent disability certificate?

In this article, we will deal with the differences between temporary and permanent disability certificates in India. For any other queries regarding disability certification in India you can go through our previous article – Disability Certificate: All You Need to Know.

Period of Validity

The most basic thing that differentiates a temporary disability certificate from a permanent one is its period of validity.

A permanent disability certificate is provided when the disability is deemed to be permanent. Disabilities caused due to amputation of limbs or any other condition where there is no chance of recovery or possible variation in the degree of disability over a period of time are considered permanent. The certificate provided to a person with a permanent disability holds a lifelong validity if the person is over 18 years of age. The certificate issued in such circumstances needs not to be updated.

disability word cloud

On the other hand, a temporary disability certificate is issued to a person whose disability is deemed to be temporary i.e. the degree of disability may change or the person may even recover completely. This includes disabling conditions resulting from an injury, surgery or short-term medical condition. The medical board issuing the certificate has the right to mention the period of validity of the certificate after which the condition needs to be reassessed. However, as a convention, a temporary disability certificate is valid for 5 years after which it needs to be updated.

A disability certificate issued to children below 18 years of age too needs to be updated every five years even if the nature of disability is permanent. However, there’s no necessity for fresh medical examination if the disability is permanent.

Disability Benefits

One of the important disability benefits in India is the 4% reservation in government jobs. The quota is reserved for persons with benchmark disability i.e. a disability over 40%. A person holding a temporary disability certificate is not eligible for getting a job under this quota.

So, this creates another difference between a temporary disability certificate and a permanent disability certificate. Not all benefits meant for persons with disabilities are granted to a person holding a temporary disability certificate. It is mainly because the disability percentage for persons with temporary disability is not stable. Once it goes below 40%, the person will not fit in the definition of benchmark disability hence making them ineligible for the benefit.

A person holding a temporary disability certificate is eligible for a number of other disability benefits such as railway and airfare concessions, subsidized assistive devices and rebate in income tax.

If a person holding a temporary disability certificate claims a deduction under Section 80U, the validity of the disability certificate starts with the assessment year relevant to the financial year during which the certificate was issued and ends with the assessment year relevant to the expiry of the temporary disability certificate.

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12 thoughts on “Disability Certificate in India: Temporary vs. Permanent”

  1. Can a person with 40% disability (likely to improve) get double transportation allowance for the period of those five years for which the certificate is issued?

    1. Sir
      I am suffering from Parkinson’s disease since September 2017 This is not curable disease.I have temporary disability certificate with 55% disability issued by safdarjung hospital new Delhi for 5 years validity. I am govt employee. Am I eligible for double TA.? Please clarify me.Thanks

  2. Yes sir you are eligible for double TA.
    There are some employee in Oef Kanpur under the Ministry of Defense who are getting this facility under temporary disablement.

  3. Sir, I have a temporary hearing ph certificate. If I am selected in the state government exams and after some years reexamination occurs and my percentage of hearing loss is reduced; will there be any problem in future? please guide me sir…

    1. Reservation is not available on temporary certificate. Therefore, there would not be any issue if your disability percentage get reduced.

  4. Sir, my right hand is amputated. I have a temporary certificate of 60% (Disability: Orthopedic). Is this certificate valid for reservation in government jobs?

    1. Amputation certificate should not be temporary. You should get your certificate renewed and get a permanent disability certificate. Reservation is not available on temporary certificates.

  5. I have temporary disability certificate and mine is severe bilateral sensori neural hearing loss with no scope for improvement but can worsen with time. So the doctor issued temporary disability as the hearing loss may vary in future. How can I claim reservation for jobs ?

    1. There is no such time constraint. If the person has become permanently disabled in the view of the Medical Board, the certificate can be issued anytime.

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